Gum Disease

General and Family Dentistry located in Livingston, NJ

Woman with hand over mouth

Gum Disease services offered in Livingston, NJ

Up to two in five American adults have gum disease, a potentially severe oral health problem. At Dentistry With A Smile Inc. in Livingston, New Jersey, general and family dentist Maria Victoria Sebastian, DDS, specializes in diagnosing and treating gum disease. Dr. Sebastian offers several treatments, including scaling and root planing, antibiotic therapy, and the Chao Pinhole® Surgical Technique. Call the office to receive treatment for gum disease, or book a consultation online today.

What is gum disease?

You have gum disease when harmful bacteria infiltrate your gum tissue.

The two types of gum disease are:


Gingivitis causes your gums to become red, sensitive, and swollen, and they might even bleed when you brush or floss. Early intervention and treatment can prevent the infection from spreading, reducing your risk of more severe oral health problems.


When gingivitis goes untreated, it develops into periodontitis. It causes your gums to recede, increasing the risk of tooth and bone loss.

What are the symptoms of gum disease?

The symptoms of gum disease include:

  • Bad breath
  • Swollen or bleeding gums
  • Toothaches
  • Pain when biting or chewing
  • Tooth sensitivity
  • Loose teeth

As the condition worsens, you can experience changes in how your teeth fit together (bite problems).

How is gum disease diagnosed?

To diagnose gum disease, Dr. Sebastian reviews your dental records, completes an oral exam, and takes digital X-rays. She checks your gums for swelling, redness, and sensitivity. Dr. Sebastian also asks about your lifestyle, including how often you drink alcohol, if you smoke, and if you floss regularly.

How is gum disease treated?

Treatment of gum disease depends on various things, including your age and how severe the infection is. Dr. Sebastian might recommend:

  • Scaling and root planing (deep cleaning)
  • Antibiotic therapy with ARESTIN®, an antibiotic
  • Flap surgery
  • Pocket reduction surgery
  • Bone grafts (if you have bone loss)

If you have receding gums, Dr. Sebastian might suggest an operative procedure like the Chao Pinhole® Surgical Technique. This minimally invasive procedure uses special tools to reposition your gumline, preventing further gum recession and/or bone loss.

How can I reduce my risk of gum disease?

You can reduce your risk of gum disease by practicing good oral hygiene. Dr. Sebastian recommends brushing your teeth twice daily, flossing regularly, and visiting Dentistry With A Smile Inc. every six months for preventive care, including an oral exam and teeth cleaning.

Also, try to avoid bad habits. If you use tobacco, quit. Drink alcohol in moderation, and eat a balanced diet that includes fruits, vegetables, and whole grains.

Call Dentistry With A Smile Inc. or book your appointment online today to learn more about gum disease treatment.